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Agriculture was reprivatized within the early 1990s after the autumn of the communist regime, and many properties have been returned to their former owners. Most families, nonetheless, received extremely small plots barely giant enough to survive on. Property disputes are frequent and have been a major cause of blood feuding. Although most political events have strategies for the further privatization of business and nonagricultural land, many issues stay.

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The country remains to be reeling from the novel transformation from a socialist to a free market economic system, and industrial exercise has not attained its potential. Virtually all the main industries went bankrupt and collapsed in the early Nineties when a free market financial system was introduced. Some mines, chrome particularly, are nonetheless in production, but most have stagnated underneath strain from overseas competition. Among the few sectors of the economy that are doing properly is the construction industry.

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Domestic building materials at the moment are widely out there on the local market and more and more on international markets. The European Union is the most important trading companion, with Italy, Greece, and Germany main in imports and exports. The nationwide trade deficit has been compensated to some extent by foreign exchange remittances from Albanian emigrants working abroad. Albania is a mountainous nation with a particularly excessive birthrate, and there is not enough farmland.

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In Kosovo, the Albanian majority was decreased to the standing of an oppressed colonial folks after the Serb conquest of the region at the beginning of the twentieth century. The open conflict that broke out in 1997 was, nonetheless, not initially one between Kosovo Albanians and Kosovo Serbs however between Kosovo Albanians and a hostile Serb regime in Belgrade.

Until 1990, Albania had a centralized socialist financial system dominated by agricultural manufacturing on state farms. Food was in brief provide, and regardless of communist propaganda, the country never attained self-sufficiency. While Albania still has a big rural peasantry, traditionally over 60 percent of the entire population, most families in the countryside can do little greater than feed themselves. Some farming surplus has reached city markets in recent times, but food imports remain essential. While Albania has a large rural population, most families in the countryside can barely raise enough crops to feed themselves.

The Balkan peninsula is inhabited by a large number of ethnic groups, and relations amongst them have by no means been good. Exacerbated nationalism and age-old rivalry for territory and supremacy have all the time created ethnic tension. This is very true in areas with blended settlement patterns, the place ethnic groups aren’t separated by clear-minimize political borders. While ethnic relations between Albanians and Greeks alongside their widespread border have improved substantially during the last decade, that can’t be stated of relations between Albanians and their Slavic neighbors in the former Yugoslavia.


Aside from agricultural output, Albania is a serious producer of chrome. There are also vital deposits of copper and nickel and a few oil.

This type of the eagle, deriving from the banner of the Byzantine Empire, has been preserved as an ethnic symbol by the Arberesh of southern Italy. In the late nineteenth century, the double-headed eagle was taken up by the nationalist motion as a logo of resistance to the Ottoman Empire and was used on the banners of freedom fighters in search of autonomy and independence. The regional variants of spoken Albanian differ such that verbal communication between uneducated speakers of various dialects could be difficult. This Standard Albanian relies about eighty p.c on Tosk dialect types, reflecting the structure of political power at the moment in communist Albania.

Many of those families had been despatched to the countryside into internment or inner exile and had been denied access to many professions and to education for his or her youngsters. This caste system broke down with the autumn of the communist regime and has been replaced by a system where standing is decided solely by wealth.

Relations between Albanians and Macedonians within the western part of the Republic of Macedonia have been tense because the declaration of Macedonian independence and the downgrading of the standing of Albanians there to that of a “nationwide minority.” The nationwide and ethnic image of the Albanians is the eagle, which was used in that capability in the earliest information. A black double-headed eagle also was positioned by the nationwide hero Scanderbeg on his flag and seal.